Scientific terms

Scientific terms

Science is often considered a difficult subject, and scientific terms can come across as tricky or unfamiliar. Sometimes a word means one thing in everyday language but something else in ‘science speak’. Understanding the meanings of scientific terms can help us to avoid generalisations and misunderstandings.

Nutrition research: who funds it and how is it published?

06 September 2023

Nutrition has a fundamental and vital role in contributing to public health. Have you ever wondered how the work of scientists is checked and paid for? Why is some nutrition research behind a paywall? This article describes the ways in which nutrition research can be funded, and explains some aspects related to academic publishing, including the peer-review process and Open Access publishing.

What Is an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI)?

01 December 2021

The Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) is an estimate of the amount of a food additive, expressed on a bodyweight basis that can be ingested daily over a lifetime without appreciable risk to health.

What is nutrient density?

01 November 2021

At a time when diets can easily provide excessive energy without meeting the nutrient recommendations, understanding the composition of foods and concept of nutrient density can be a first step towards improving our diet choices.

Difference Between Hazard and Risk (Infographic)

01 March 2017

The words 'hazard' and 'risk' are often incorrectly used as synonyms. This infographic will help you understand the difference between the two.

Difference between correlation and causation (Infographic)

01 March 2017

Correlation does not necessarily mean causation! This infographic you help you understand the difference.

Absolute Risk vs. Relative Risk: What’s the difference?

01 March 2017

An infographic to help you to understand the difference between absolute risks and relative risks

What Are Dietary Reference Values (DRVs)?

01 December 2013

Dietary Reference Values (DRVs) are quantitative reference values for nutritional intakes derived for different population groups, based on health criteria.

Measuring burden of disease: The concept of QALYs and DALYs

01 December 2011

Public health interventions aim to reduce the burden of disease and increase the quality of life of populations. But which are the most pressing health problems? Which interventions are most likely to be successful? Do they provide good value for money? Two metrics abbreviated as QALY and DALY, can aid such assessments.